Libmonster ID: MD-912
Author(s) of the publication: V. SPIRU

On February 11 and 12 of this year, Bucharest hosted a conference of historians of the Romanian People's Republic, dedicated to the history of the Middle Ages. The conference was organized by the History Section and the Institute of History of the Romanian Academy of Sciences. The Conference considered the issue of a critical review of the collections of documents left by bourgeois historians, as well as the collection, systematization and publication of documents on the history of the Middle Ages that have not yet been published. The first steps in this direction were made last year. So, groups of historians have already reviewed some collections of documents and prepared scientific subject indexes for them. The collection of Slavonian documents published in Iasi, the so-called "Urikaryul", the collection of Gormuzaki documents, "Acts and Documents" and other publications were reviewed. Collectives of historians from Bucharest, Iasi and Cluj worked on the collection of unpublished documents of the XVI and XVII centuries. The Bucharest team copied, compared and translated 10,683 documents; the Yass team-619 and the Cluj team - 1,012 documents, which marked the beginning of the creation of a complete collection of documents planned by the Romanian Academy of Sciences (Corpus de docum) on the entire history of the Middle Ages of the Romanian People's Republic.

The owners of bourgeois-landlord Romania were not interested in publishing Documents that comprehensively cover the class struggle and especially the role of the oppressed and exploited classes in this struggle.

In a report made at the conference by a team of historians from Bucharest, it was pointed out that bourgeois historians of Romania published only a tenth of the documents available on the history of the Middle Ages. Moreover, these documents were chosen at random and published on a case-by-case basis. Many documents were simply falsified. Bourgeois Romanian historians deliberately ignored certain facts and factors from the history of the Middle Ages. They often considered historical events from a formal and legal point of view. Thus, they considered the history of the feudal state in isolation from the mode of production that existed under the feudal system, from the relations of production and the class struggle at various stages of feudalism. Romanian bourgeois historians exaggerated the role of the bourgeoisie in the struggle against feudalism and completely ignored peasant movements and peasant uprisings.

Summing up the results of the conference, Acad. M. Roller noted that extensive collections of documents should enable researchers of history to uncover a number of still unclear problems from the history of Romania in the Middle Ages. These problems also include the question of why until the seventeenth century the corresponding Moldavian and Wallachian documents were written in Slavonian, and after the seventeenth century in Romanian.

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Bourgeois historiography has not given even an approximate answer to the question of when and under what circumstances the Romanian people appeared. So far, the mass struggle related to the formation of the Romanian people has not received coverage.

Another problem that needs to be solved is when and under what circumstances the feudal system was established in Romania, when the feudal state emerged here, and especially what impact the migration of peoples had in this regard.

It is no accident that bourgeois historians attribute the beginning of feudalism in Romania to a possibly later date. Emphasizing the" belated character " of Romanian feudalism and the cultural backwardness of the country, they tried to justify the betrayal of the ruling classes to the national interests of the Romanian people by robbing them of foreign capital.

Until now, a truly scientific history of the Romanian feudal state during its independence has not been created, and the role of the Turkish and Habsburg yoke as a factor that hindered the social development of Romania has not been fully shown.

Finally, M. Roller considers it necessary to explain the role of the Slavs, to show what assistance they provided in the formation and development of the feudal state of Romania.

A prerequisite for solving these and a number of other problems should be the collection and systematization of documents originating from princely chancelleries, monasteries, boyar castles, etc.The collection of documents (Corpus-ul-de-doc) should contain documents that have not yet been published, documents that are not easily accessible, as well as documents published without proper scientific processing.

A big debate at the conference was caused by the question of whether the documents should be published in the original, original, or modern Romanian language. A number of historians are of the opinion that Transylvanian documents should be published in Latin, Hungarian and German, Moldavian and Wallachian-in Slavonian, etc. The view prevailed that documents should be published in a publicly accessible language.

"We publish documents," explained M. Roller, " in order to make them available to thousands of people who want to study them... Thus, we turn them into the public domain, give them into the hands of those who set themselves the task of writing history or studying it, using it as a tool for educating the younger generation in the spirit of proletarian patriotism and internationalism, in the spirit of science and progress, in the spirit of realizing the highest ideals of humanity - building socialism and communism."

It was decided to publish documents in the Romanian language, giving 5-10% facsimiles of documents in each volume of the collection. To inform foreign scientists about the content of the documents placed in the collection, each volume will be provided with a subject index in Russian.

M. Roller noted that the conference has not yet used the sharp weapon of criticism, and self-criticism, although there were enough reasons for this. Thus, the History Section and the Directorate of the Institute of History followed the path of least resistance and paid attention only to well-known documentary sources, not caring at all about the need to find and use new sources. No attention was paid to the use of chronicles, collections of laws, and inscriptions.

The collection of documents was carried out without a specific plan, which is indicated by the uneven results of the activities of individual groups of historians. The situation is also bad with the involvement of new personnel in research work in the field of history. Almost all of the speakers at the conference emphasized the great importance of studying Soviet historical works for the development and rise of Historical Science. Romania.

The importance of the deception of the experience of historians of the Romanian People's Republic in the field of scientific Marxist-Leninist study of history that took place at the conference should not be underestimated.

Along with the publication of collections of documents and on the basis of them, a number of monographs and studies should be created. To cover the work in this direction, it was decided to start publishing the journal "Study and Research of the History of the Middle Ages"


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V. SPIRU, Chronicle. Abroad. CONFERENCE OF HISTORIANS OF THE ROMANIAN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC // Chisinau: Library of Moldova (LIBRARY.MD). Updated: 12.06.2024. URL: (date of access: 17.07.2024).

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