China. WOMEN'S EQUALITY AND THE ONE-CHILD POLICY
Yu. O. RICKER Post-graduate student of the Trans-Baikal State University (Chita) China Keywords:, gender identity, androgyny, birth control policy The 20th century in China was marked by intensive development in all spheres of public life. Significant changes in the economic sphere have led to equally significant changes in the social sphere. The economic reforms initiated in China in the late 1970s and 2000s put the country on the trajectory of one of the world's leading economic developments, and also had a significant impact on the position of women in modern Chinese society. Despite the Taoist ideas that associate women with yin and men with yang (and the equal complementarity of these two principles), until the twentieth century, women in China occupied a lower position in the traditional hierarchical order of the universe.1 The Constitution of the People's Republic of China (amended in 1954, 1975, 1978, and 1982) grants women equal rights with men in all areas of life - political, economic, cultural, and social. A significant number of legislative acts have been adopted that protect the rights and interests of women, such as laws on marriage, inheritance, maternal and child health, women's labor protection, and the prohibition of prostitution. In 1980, China signed the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, and in 1990, the International Labour Organization Convention on Equal Pay for Men and Women was ratified. In 1995, for the first time in the country's history, the Government adopted a program to improve the status of women for the period 1995-2000, which provided for improving the educational and professional level of women, increasing the proportion of working women and the number of managerial positions they held. It was established in March 1949 and plays an important role in the country's political life. National Women's Federation. Its main task is to unite and mobilize all women for active social, economic and ... Читать далее
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Кишинев, Moldova
16.04.2024 (39 days ago)
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