Libmonster ID: MD-927
Author(s) of the publication: L. E. SEMENOVA

The Soviet-Romanian Commission of Historians was formed in 1973. It included prominent Soviet and Romanian scientists. In the Soviet part of the Commission, acad. I. I. Mints (Chairman), acad. L. V. Cherepnin, corresponding member. Ya. S. Grosul, specialists in the history of Romania V. N. Vinogradov, N. I. Lebedev, I. I. Orlik, A. A. Yazkova and employees of a number of institutes of the USSR Academy of Sciences and other scientific institutions of the Soviet Union. The Romanian part of the Commission is headed by a corresponding member of the Central Committee of the RCP. Academy of the Socialist Republic of Romania (SRR), Chairman of the Department of History and Archeology of the Academy of Social and Political Sciences (AOPN) SRP Director of the N. Iorga Institute of History, Prof. From the Romanian side, the Commission includes the Vice-president of the AOPN SRR L. Bagnai, acad. E. Konduraki, corresponding member. Academies of SRR Sh. Pascu and M. Berza and other Romanian historians representing research centers in Bucharest, Cluj, and Iasi.

On February 3-6, 1973, the first joint meetings of the delegations of the Soviet and Romanian sections of the Commission were held in Bucharest. A protocol on cooperation within the Commission was signed. Both sides agreed to hold scientific meetings of historians once a year alternately in the USSR and Romania, and expressed their readiness to expand other forms of scientific relations within the framework of cooperation between the USSR Academy of Sciences and AOPN SRR (mutual consultations, information, etc.).

In accordance with the signed protocol, the first conference of Soviet and Romanian historians was held in Bucharest on October 1-7, 1973. It was devoted to the topic "Historical conditions of the anti-fascist uprising of August 23, 1944 in Romania". Soviet historians A.V. Antosyak, A. A. Yazkova, T. A. Pokivailova, and S. V. Vasiliev made presentations at the conference. Speakers from the Romanian side were A. Petric, G. Ionita, K. Antip, G. Zacharias, E. Bantea, K. Nicolae, I. Kiper and T. Udrea. The conference participants emphasized the political and scientific significance of the topic under discussion. The crushing blows of the Soviet Army against the fascist troops in the spring and summer of 1944, and especially during the Iasi-Kishinev operation, created favorable conditions for the implementation of an armed uprising in Romania. It took place on August 23, 1944 and marked the beginning of the people's revolution, determining the future fate of the Romanian people. The reports of Soviet and Romanian historians examined the internal political and international conditions in which this uprising took place. With great interest, the conference participants got acquainted with the exhibition of photo documents prepared by the Soviet side, telling about the meeting of the Romanian population of the Soviet troops during the liberation of Romania, about the joint military operations of Soviet and Romanian formations against the fascists. The conference also featured a documentary film about the Iasi-Kishinev operation and the liberation of Romania by the Soviet Army, prepared by the Main Archive Department under the Council of Ministers of the USSR from the materials of the State Archive of Film and Photographic Documents of the USSR.

On December 16-18, 1974, the second scientific meeting of Soviet and Romanian historians was held in Moscow. They discussed the Great October Socialist Revolution and the Revolutionary Movement in Romania. The conference was attended by Soviet specialists in the history of Romania, as well as a delegation of Romanian scientists headed by the chairman of the Romanian part of the Commission Sh. Stefanescu. The "delegation" consisted of: A. Petrik, G. Ionita, Y. Kircine (University of Bucharest),

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D. Hurezeanu (Stefan Gheorghiu Academy), T. Georgescu (Center for Socio-Political Studies in Craiova), N. Copoju (Institute of Historical and Socio-Political Studies under the Central Committee of the RCP), I. Kiper (Institute of History named after N. Iorga). The meetings were attended by employees of the Romanian Embassy in the USSR.

Academician I. I. Mints presented the report "Great October-regularities and peculiarities". The reports of Soviet and Romanian historians revealed various aspects of the impact of the October 1917 events in Russia on the revolutionary processes in Romania.

B. S. Popov's speech was devoted to the influence of the October Revolution on the ideological struggle in the Romanian socialist movement on the eve of the formation of the Communist Party of Romania (CPR). The direct result of this influence was the intensification of the struggle between the revolutionary and opportunist tendencies. The speaker showed how, during the intense controversy surrounding the draft revolutionary program, the attitude to the Comintern, and the preparation of the agrarian program and the program on the national question, the complex process of ideological and political separation of the main trends of the Romanian socialists - the centrist right and the left-took place. The report emphasized the importance of the struggle of the left, including its most revolutionary wing, the underground communist groups, against the right and centrist varieties of opportunism for the ideological and political preparation for the constituent congress of the Communist Party.

D. Hurezeanu's report "The perception of the Great October Socialist Revolution by the Romanian workers' movement (1917-1921) " considered the problem of the influence of the Great October Revolution both in terms of Russian-Romanian revolutionary ties, and in terms of the development of Romanian socialist thought and the activities of Romanian socialists during this period. The speaker noted that such historical factors as the traditions of Russian - Romanian revolutionary ties, Romania's proximity to revolutionary Russia and direct contact with the revolutionary-minded soldiers of the Allied Russian army stationed on Romanian territory in 1917, as well as the radicalization of the mood of the working masses of Romania during the war contributed to the perception of the ideas of the proletarian revolution by the Romanian labor movement.

The revolutionary movement in the Romanian army, which developed in 1917-1918 under the direct influence of the October Revolution, was covered in the report of E. N. Istrati. She stressed the great influence on the Romanian soldiers of the political atmosphere that prevailed in the Russian parts of the Romanian front. The report presented new archival materials about the revolutionary agitation carried out by Russian soldiers along with the left-wing Romanian socialists, which contributed to the growth of anti-oligarchic and anti-war sentiments in the Romanian army. As the speaker showed, the performances of Romanian soldiers became more widespread, from desertion they moved to fraternization with the enemy, to refusal to participate in anti-Soviet intervention. The culmination of the revolutionary movement in the Romanian army was the uprising in the navy in January 1918.

N. Copoju dwelled on the broad campaign in Romania in support of the Great October Socialist Revolution. The speaker noted that the Party of Romanian Socialists combined a campaign of solidarity with the revolution, explaining its historical and international significance to the broad masses of Romanian workers, and setting out the most important tasks of the Romanian working class in the struggle for its social liberation. The Romanian socialist press, as the speaker pointed out, consistently opposed the slander against the Bolsheviks spread by the reactionary bourgeois press.

The forms of solidarity of the Romanian revolutionary movement with the proletarian revolution in Russia were also traced on a large factual basis in a joint report by Y. Circe and I. Kiper. They showed that in the conditions of the revolutionary upsurge that developed in Romania after 1917, the movement of solidarity with the Great October Socialist Revolution manifested itself in written and oral propaganda, meetings, demonstrations, strikes. The most important manifestation of this solidarity was the participation of Romanian internationalists who were in Russia with weapons in their hands in defending the gains of October.

E. I. Spivakovsky in his report "V. I. Lenin, the Comintern and the Formation of the Communist Party of Romania (1920-1921)" focused on the history of negotiations between the delegations of the Socialist Party of Romania

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At the end of 1920, the main issues of which were the "21 conditions" and the attitude of the SPR to the Comintern. The speaker particularly focused on a conversation between V. I. Lenin and members of the SPR delegation on December 10, 1920. The report emphasized the importance of the propaganda activities of the left, the publication of Comintern documents and the works of V. I. Lenin in Romania for the struggle of the left against the right and centrists for joining the Comintern. The speaker gave an analysis of the ideological and political struggle of the trends in the SPR at the beginning of 1921, which resulted in the victory of the left and the withdrawal of the reformists from the party, which created the conditions for holding a congress on May 8-12, 1921, which decided to form the CPR and join the Comintern. Despite the arrest of most of the delegates to the May Congress and the period of repression that followed, the CPR, as shown in the report, implemented the recommendations of the Third Congress of the Comintern in the specific conditions of its country, and in the fight against centrism, actively worked to strengthen the communist movement in Romania ideologically, politically and organizationally.

Problems related to the formation of the CRC were also discussed in the report of T. Georgescu. A significant place was given in it to the revolutionary movement that took place in Romania under the influence of the October Revolution. Having traced the influence of the revolutionary struggle of the Romanian proletariat on the development of trends in the SPR, the speaker showed that it was precisely the class battles of the working class, including the strike of 1920, that strengthened the position of the left, ensured their victory, and revealed the need to create a new type of party. The author also noted the importance of negotiations between the SPR delegation and the Executive Committee of the Comintern and its meeting with V. I. Lenin.

G. S. Korobchinsky gave an assessment of the Romanian progressive press, which was influenced by the October Revolution. Based on the materials of periodicals and Romanian publications of the 1920s and 30s, he showed the role of the progressive, especially communist, press in the fight against bourgeois propaganda, emphasized, in particular, the importance of popularizing the ideas of October, promoting Lenin's teachings, publishing works by V. I. Lenin and materials dedicated to him for the ideological and organizational cohesion of the ranks of the Communist Party, strengthen its ties with workers.

A. Petrik devoted his report mainly to the activities of the Communist Party in the 20-30s. He described the role of the PRC in promoting the ideas of the Great October Revolution, the achievements of the world's first socialist state, and its peaceful foreign policy in Romania. The Communist Party actively fought for the restoration of diplomatic relations with the USSR, directed the activities of numerous legal democratic and anti-fascist organizations, including the Friends of the USSR society, to familiarize the Romanian population with Soviet reality, with the successes of the Soviet Union, and to combat the fictions of the bourgeois press. The report emphasized the development of traditions of Soviet-Romanian revolutionary cooperation in relations between the USSR and Romania in subsequent periods of history.

V. N. Vinogradov drew the attention of the conference participants to some aspects of the crisis of bourgeois political parties in Romania during the years of the revolutionary upsurge caused by the influence of the October Revolution. The speaker noted that the Romanian Ruling circles were forced not only to make such concessions to the workers and peasants as the electoral reform of 1918 and the agrarian reform of 1918-1921, but also to resort to restructuring the political organizations of the ruling classes. Under the conditions of the revolutionary upsurge, the traditional historical parties collapsed, the old two-party system collapsed, and new parties were formed that sought salvation from the revolution on the path of bourgeois-democratic reforms.

The activities of one of these parties, the Tsaranist party, and its role in the ideological and political struggle in Romania in the period after Great October were highlighted by T. A. Pokivailova. It devoted its main attention to elucidating the ideological platform of this party, the meaning of which was to oppose bourgeois reformism to revolutionary ideas and promote the preservation of the capitalist system. To this end, as noted in the report, the Tsaranists sought to isolate the peasant movement, separate it from the working class, and thereby weaken the revolutionary energy of the masses.

G. Ionita considered the most important stages of Soviet-Romanian relations from 1917 to the present. It showed that the Soviet-American relations developed during this period were not limited.-

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Romanian friendship and cooperation are the development of the traditions of revolutionary cooperation, which were so clearly manifested during the October Revolution. The report emphasized that the experience of the Romanian people's struggle to build a socialist society, along with the experience of other peoples, confirms the validity of the Marxist - Leninist theory of revolution, the invincibility of the progressive movement of humanity towards socialism and communism.

There was a lively debate on the reports. All the speakers noted the world-historical significance of the Great October Socialist Revolution, and cited new facts of its influence on the development of revolutionary processes in Romania.

On December 18, an organizational meeting of the Soviet and Romanian sides of the Commission was held, where the results of the conference were summed up and the work plan for 1975 was outlined. According to this plan, the next scientific meeting of Soviet and Romanian historians will be held in Bucharest this fall. It will be discussed on the topic "The 1905 Revolution in Russia and the revolutionary movement in Romania at the end of the XIX-beginning of the XX century".

The results of the meetings between historians of the two countries are important for expanding Soviet-Romanian scientific cooperation.


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L. E. SEMENOVA, International relations of Soviet historians. IN THE COMMISSION OF HISTORIANS OF THE USSR AND ROMANIA // Chisinau: Library of Moldova (LIBRARY.MD). Updated: 12.06.2024. URL: https://library.md/m/articles/view/International-relations-of-Soviet-historians-IN-THE-COMMISSION-OF-HISTORIANS-OF-THE-USSR-AND-ROMANIA (date of access: 17.07.2024).

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